Stauffer "Renaissance" Style Legnani Model Guitar
 
1831



Long before C.F. Martin came to New York from Markneukirchen, Saxony and established his music store on the lower East Side of New York City,
Martin is said to have apprenticed in the acclaimed workshop of Johann Georg Stauffer of Vienna, builder of the Stauffer "Legnani" Model,
perhaps the most modern of European guitars.  

Stauffer guitars typically have a thin, wide "figure 8" shaped body with an upper bout more equal in size to the lower bout, also seen on the earliest
Martin guitars, as opposed to the guitars of Spain, with a smaller upper bout on a narrow body, as later adopted by Martin and still prominent today.

The unique one of a kind "Renaissance" Style Stauffer guitar seen here, with a body that flows seamlessly into the neck, is clearly the model for the
unique one of a kind "Renaissance" Style Martin guitar seen below, so we're lucky that both have survived.





One of the distinctive features most obviously drawn from the Legnani guitar of Stauffer is the raised fingerboard extension matched with the ice cream cone heel with a clock key adjustment to alter the angle of the neck.





Ironically, early Martin guitars are known for their "Stauffer headstock",  a distinctive headstock with six tuning machines in line on a single side of the
headstock, as emulated today on Fender guitars, and which were referred to by Martin as "Vienna Gears".  In actual fact, more Stauffer guitars have a paddle
shaped headstock with ebony friction pegs than what has come top be known as the "Stauffer" head.





  



Even the style of the Stauffer label has been copied in Martin guitars...












 

  earlymartin.com


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